Designation/descriptionYear of first designation/useContext
Strategic partnershipCirca 1997Independently used by the Howard government to describe Australia’s relationship with China in March 1997
Comprehensive cooperative ties for mutual benefit in the 21st century2006Designation adopted during Premier Wen Jiabao’s April 2006 visit to Australia
Comprehensive and cooperative relationship/Comprehensive and constructive relationship2009Formulation in joint statement between Prime Minister Kevin Rudd and Vice Premier Li Keqiang in November/December 2009 and used again in slightly different format during Prime Minister Julia Gillard’s meeting with Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Jia Qinglin in April 2011
Strategic partnership2013Designation adopted during Prime Minister Gillard’s April 2013 visit to China
Comprehensive strategic partnership2014Designation adopted during President Xi Jinping’s November 2014 visit to Australia

Select Senior Officials Meetings

TitleDetailsNo. of meetingsFirst/last heldStatus
Australia-China Defence Strategic DialogueForum for discussions between Australia’s Department of Defence and China’s People’s Liberation Army221997/2019Inoperative: 2020-22
Resumption announced: Late 2022
Appears to have resumed in some form in March 2022 (e.g., here, here, here, and here)
Australia-China Human Rights DialogueForum for discussions between parliamentarians, senior officials from a range of government agencies, and the Australian Human Rights Commission151997/2014Formally suspended